The existence of the tradition of Easter ceremonial processions with Judas is documented as far as from the end of the 19th century, when the present day Czech Republic was a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Meanwhile ethnographers are convinced that the custom is much older and its origin goes back to the pagan times. Most likely the figure of the straw man initially was associated with a cult of fertility. When the Slavs were converted to Christianity, the pagan custom was devoted to the Easter, and the straw man was personified with Judas Iscariot, who betrayed Jesus Christ for thirty pieces of silver. Today, the procession called Vodění Jidáše (Marching Judas) has preserved only in the few villages, relatively compactly located between the Bohemian towns of Chrudim and Vysoké Mýto in Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic. This odd folk custom has been inscribed on the Czech national list of intangible cultural heritage.